Journal of Peace and Diplomacy <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The Journal of Peace and Diplomacy (JPD) is an annual multidisciplinary journal by the Institute of Peace and Diplomatic Studies (IPDS), Islamabad, Pakistan, that offers insights and fosters academic debate about international affairs and global and regional politics. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">It is a double-blind peer-reviewed publication dedicated to the latest academic research and applied information related to international relations, peace and diplomacy, and diverse connected fields of social sciences. </span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">JPD publishes original research papers with innovative and insightful research that advances the understanding of global events and their impact on the world. The articles cover a wide range of topics, from international security and conflict resolution to global governance, international law, and foreign policy.</span></p> Institute of Peace and Diplomatic Studies en-US Journal of Peace and Diplomacy 2710-0502 <p>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work’s authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p> 71 Years of Pak-China Research & Development Cooperation: Regional Dynamics and the Way Forward <p>Pak-China friendship is one of its kind in the global world that started 75 years ago and is still rising and shining with complete dedication. This research paper deals with the mutual research and developmental projects of China and Pakistan. One of the major projects is the CEPC and many other technological projects for advancement in all the fields of life for both countries. Many countries in the world have reservations regarding this unbreakable bond of friendship between Pakistan and China. For this reason, Pakistan and China face a lot of difficulties while on their way to progress. This paper highlights some of those major problems and provides tentative solutions for solving these issues at the governmental level.</p> Tahir Mumtaz Awan Noor-ul-Ain Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. Tahir Mumtaz Awan & Noor-ul-Ain 2022-12-30 2022-12-30 3 1 1 14 10.59111/JPD.003.01.014 On the verge of misplacement: Pacific Island and climate-induced migration <p>The Pacific Island nations are severely impacted by climate change due to their comparatively miniscule geography, dense population concentration, and reliance on ecological systems for longevity. Pacific Islanders are compelled to leave their homes and migrate due to dwindling resources for their subsistence, freshwater, and nutrition, which leads to climate-persuaded migration. Such migration is likely to obliterate the indigenous perspectives and sense of national identity. Considering it, there is a good chance that the international reaction to global changing climate will result in a reduction in migration. The international accords are falling short of attaining their climate change objectives through the use of qualitative evaluation of secondary data gathered primarily from online sites, as well as scholarly articles. As a result, minimizing the effects of climate change is of prime significance &amp; this global risk necessitates worldwide dedication to identify &amp; address the terrible ramifications in order to lessen the increase in migration. The research comprehends migration &amp; climate change’s linkage. The recent growing tendencies in migration would be illustrated by the study of Kiribati. The case study would also demonstrate how important it is to put existing international conventions into practice in order to protect Pacific Island communities and their right of statehood.</p> Tooba Urooj Copyright (c) 2022 Tooba Urooj 2022-12-30 2022-12-30 3 1 47 60 10.59111/JPD.003.01.017 Will China invade Taiwan: War Game Strategy and Lessons for China from the Russia-Ukraine Conflict <p>The China-Taiwan crisis is witnessing a paradigm shift amid rising uncertainty due to the Russia-Ukraine conflict. Every act, smaller or larger in western capitals against Russia in the context of the Russia-Ukraine conflict, is enlightening the Chinese policymakers, strategists, and leadership calculations over their futuristic war choices and possible invasion of Taiwan. There is a high chance of China invading Taiwan. What will be the future of Taiwan, the center for new American security has war gamed the situation and has revealed a possible conflict between China and Taiwan, dragging America to the center of the conflict. The game strategy has been used as a conceptual framework, to shed light on what planning, policymaking, and strategies will be required to deal with the hypothetical scenario. How will China react in the future, if Taiwan tries to become even closer to the western world, particularly America? The military blunders of the Russian army on the battlefield, the western united front against Russia on economic sanctions, the powerful strategy of information warfare in the digital world by the Zelensky government, and the response of the international community to Moscow’s invasion have sent shockwaves across China’s policy-making circles, but so far it hasn’t deterred the leadership morale in shaping its narrative of reunification. This study helps to analyze, the war gaming perspective of the China-Taiwan possible conflict, apart from war gaming scenarios, it also analyzes the actual situation, on how China would deal with the situation on economic, information, and diplomatic fronts. It also helps us to understand, why the conflict will be of tremendous importance, especially to America’s pacific and western allies.</p> Obaid-Ur-Rehman Copyright (c) 2022 Obaid Ur Rehman 2022-12-30 2022-12-30 3 1 15 29 10.59111/JPD.003.01.015 Gender inequality: A stumbling block in Pakistan’s socio-economic development <p>Even though the modern world has made great strides, women still struggle to obtain and exercise their most fundamental rights specially in developing nations like Pakistan. The gender gap has grown due to patriarchal and misogynistic culture as well as a lack of women’s empowerment. Pakistan consistently scores low on international gender equality rankings despite having a constitution that provides equal social, economic, and political rights directly effecting GDP growth. In light of the current condition of state, inclusivity is a principle that is urgently needed. This paper will critically analyze the root causes of gender inequality in Pakistan, factors due to which gender equality has remained elusive. It will also explore that why gender equality in crucial for Pakistan not just as an agenda but for survival and economic prosperity and how the inclusion of women in the field of diplomacy, foreign policy, economics, decision-making can help in country’s growth.</p> Faryal Shahid Copyright (c) 2022 Faryal Shahid 2022-12-30 2022-12-30 3 1 61 70 10.59111/JPD.003.01.018 Russia-Ukraine Crisis and Energy Insecurity: Is energy transition a sustainable alternate? <p>Phenomena like globalization and interdependence shape the contemporary world. The outbreak of Russia-Ukraine crisis instigated a wave of alarm amongst the global leaders due to a high risk of the war’s potential consequences on the entire world. As the crisis intensified, it started taking economic, political and energy domains under its spur. On one hand, west imposed sanctions on Russian economic and energy firms, i.e., Gazprom. Being an energy giant, Russia utilized its energy resources as a tool to respond to the western sanctions. Nord Stream I and Nord Stream II pipelines were shut down. Hence, triggering an energy crisis in states like UK, Germany, France etc. Coupled with harsh winter, hike in energy bills and food prices etc. has had both social and economic ramifications. To curb this energy security dilemma, European states have undertaken several steps including signing deals with countries like Norway, Azerbaijan and Qatar. Energy transition is yet another option at the table for EU member states to consider to deal with this crisis. This research paper will discuss the significance of Russian energy resources, the European energy crisis that has been instigated as a result of Russia-Ukraine conflict, the implications of this crisis, attempts of European countries to deal with it. This paper will also highlight the phenomena of energy transition and whether it can serve as a sustainable and self-reliant substitute for Russian energy resources or not.</p> Yemeen Hasan Copyright (c) 2022 Yemeen Hasan 2022-12-30 2022-12-30 3 1 30 46 10.59111/JPD.003.01.016